Scientists from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have created a clever new way to double the efficiency of organic electronics. Researchers believe this new innovation could help improve the effectiveness of plastic-based solar cells, OLED-displays, and bioelectronics — to name just a few.
Electronic devices rely on a function in their process known as doping. Doping is when impurities are woven directly into the semiconductor in order to help enhance its electrical conductivity. This process applies to both organic and inorganic semiconductors, although the process is a bit more complex for the organic ones.
Organic semiconductors get doped through a process called a redox reaction. In this reaction, a dopant molecule gets an electron from the semiconductor. This increases the electrical conductivity of the semiconductor. The conductivity of the semiconductor increases as the number of dopant molecules it can react with rises. After a certain limit, however, conductivity decreases.
But scientists think they’ve dealt with this issue, thanks to a process called ‘double doping.’ This method allows scientists to move two electrons to every dopant molecule, essentially doubling the conductivity of the semiconductor.
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